The eruption started at the volcano's crater on Thursday afternoon
According to officials, Mauna Loa, the closest active Hawaii volcano and the largest in the world, was not erupting while Kilauea’s lava was limited to a crater.
On Hawaii’s Big Island, the Kilauea Hawaii volcano is currently erupting once more, spewing lava fountains and blasts of volcanic gas into the atmosphere.
According to the U.S. Geological Survey, the eruption started at the volcano’s crater on Thursday afternoon. The agency also issued an alert for the general public and a warning to the aviation industry about the dangers of airborne ash.
According to Hawaii’s disaster management organisation, there is now no threat to communities because the lava from one of the most active Hawaii volcanoes in the world is contained to Kilauea’s crater, in a section of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park that is closed off.
After going silent in early December, Kilauea has now seen its first eruption in about a month.
In Kilauea’s summit crater, Halemaumau, the eruption has created a number of active volcanic fountains, the tallest of which, according to the USGS, is roughly 10 metres (33 ft) high. The organisation reported that some of the initial lava explosions were as high as 50 metres (164 feet).
The USGS and the agency issued a warning to locals that the high quantities of volcanic gas that were still coming out may still be dangerous as they travelled downwind, especially because sulphur dioxide can combine with the atmosphere to form volcanic smog, which is dangerous for human health.
Pele’s hair, which are tiny strands of molten lava, and other light volcanic particles that can irritate the skin and eyes are additional dangers.
Facts About Kilauea Hawaii's Volcano
The USGS and Hawaiian Volcano Observatory said on Thursday that the “Glow” in photographs from a webcam monitoring the summit indicated that Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano was erupting.
According to the Hawaii Emergency Management Agency, the eruption is now contained within the volcano’s crater and does not present a threat to the adjacent communities.
According to the USGS, there are no indications that “activity is migrating out” of this area.
The organisation raised Kilauea’s alert status from watch to warning, suggesting that a “hazardous eruption is impending, occurring, or suspected,” and stated that it is keeping an eye on the situation for any dangers that might arise.
The organisation also changed the aviation colour designation for eruptions with “significant emission of volcanic ash into the atmosphere” from orange to red.
The Kilauea volcano: what is it?
Within Hawaii Volcanoes National Park is Kilauea’s summit. The “Big Island” of Hawaii, which is the biggest of the Hawaiian Islands, is where the park is situated.
One of the most active volcanoes on the planet is Kilauea. In September 2021, when it last erupted, lava continued to flow from the volcano for 16 months.
Both Kilauea and the nearby Mauna Loa volcano, which has also been erupting, were spewing hot molten rock for almost two weeks starting in late November before both volcanoes abruptly ceased at around the same time.
The US Geological Survey upped the Kilaeua alert level earlier on Thursday as a result of indications that magma was flowing beneath the top surface, a sign that the volcano would erupt.
Hawaii’s Kilauea Volcano Erupts Again, Prompting Officials To Raise Alert Level.Hawaii's Kilauea,has begun erupting again for the first time in a month. US Geological Survey said lava was flooding much of the crater at the volcano's summit,while clouding skies with volcanic smog. pic.twitter.com/72QiDfA9lM— Sajjad (@Sajjad57678616) January 6, 2023
This view from a 6:45 a.m. HST sunrise at overflight shows the eruption is confined to Halemaʻumaʻu crater in the summit caldera. Mauna Loa (not erupting) is along the horizon in the background. https://t.co/6HRIm65ITC#KilaueaErupts#HVO#Kilauea#Halemaumau pic.twitter.com/RWHcFjDpnD— USGS Volcanoes🌋 (@USGSVolcanoes) January 6, 2023
#KilaueaErupts— USGS Volcanoes🌋 (@USGSVolcanoes) January 6, 2023
Let's get you caught up:
• Eruption began Jan 5, 2023;
• Multiple minor fountains on Halema‘uma‘u crater floor;
• Lava covers ~300 acres (~120 hectares) at depths of ~10 m (~32 ft);
• Activity confined to summit region;
• Mauna Loa remains quiet. pic.twitter.com/GZwSyItAPb
Happening now: Kīlauea is erupting inside Halemaʻumaʻu crater!— Hawaii Volcanoes NPS (@Volcanoes_NPS) January 6, 2023
Lava is visible from several areas and overlooks around the caldera. Planning to visit? Make sure to check out the eruption viewing web page:https://t.co/ctEdfij9gA#KīlaueaErupts pic.twitter.com/4Xl6oeKDvG