In A Month, Hawaii’s Kilauea Volcano Erupt Once More | Causing Authorities To Up The Alert Level

The eruption started at the volcano's crater on Thursday afternoon

According to officials, Mauna Loa, the closest active Hawaii volcano and the largest in the world, was not erupting while Kilauea’s lava was limited to a crater.

On Hawaii’s Big Island, the Kilauea Hawaii volcano is currently erupting once more, spewing lava fountains and blasts of volcanic gas into the atmosphere.

According to the U.S. Geological Survey, the eruption started at the volcano’s crater on Thursday afternoon. The agency also issued an alert for the general public and a warning to the aviation industry about the dangers of airborne ash.

According to Hawaii’s disaster management organisation, there is now no threat to communities because the lava from one of the most active Hawaii volcanoes in the world is contained to Kilauea’s crater, in a section of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park that is closed off.

After going silent in early December, Kilauea has now seen its first eruption in about a month.

In Kilauea’s summit crater, Halemaumau, the eruption has created a number of active volcanic fountains, the tallest of which, according to the USGS, is roughly 10 metres (33 ft) high. The organisation reported that some of the initial lava explosions were as high as 50 metres (164 feet).

The USGS and the agency issued a warning to locals that the high quantities of volcanic gas that were still coming out may still be dangerous as they travelled downwind, especially because sulphur dioxide can combine with the atmosphere to form volcanic smog, which is dangerous for human health.

Pele’s hair, which are tiny strands of molten lava, and other light volcanic particles that can irritate the skin and eyes are additional dangers.

Facts About Kilauea Hawaii's Volcano

The USGS and Hawaiian Volcano Observatory said on Thursday that the “Glow” in photographs from a webcam monitoring the summit indicated that Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano was erupting.

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The Kilauea volcano in Hawaii can be seen in this webcam view taken on January 5, 2023, gazing east from the west wall of the summit caldera. The U.S. Geological Survey reported that less than a month after the volcano and its larger neighbour Mauna Loa ceased spilling lava, Hawaii's Kilauea started erupting inside its summit crater. AP/U.S. Geological Survey

According to the Hawaii Emergency Management Agency, the eruption is now contained within the volcano’s crater and does not present a threat to the adjacent communities.

According to the USGS, there are no indications that “activity is migrating out” of this area.

The organisation raised Kilauea’s alert status from watch to warning, suggesting that a “hazardous eruption is impending, occurring, or suspected,” and stated that it is keeping an eye on the situation for any dangers that might arise.

The organisation also changed the aviation colour designation for eruptions with “significant emission of volcanic ash into the atmosphere” from orange to red.

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This still image was given by the USGS surveillance camera and shows a rising lava lake inside Halema'uma'u crater on January 5, 2023, when Kilauea volcano in Hawaii, U.S., was erupting. American Geophysical Union

The Kilauea volcano: what is it?

Within Hawaii Volcanoes National Park is Kilauea’s summit. The “Big Island” of Hawaii, which is the biggest of the Hawaiian Islands, is where the park is situated.

One of the most active volcanoes on the planet is Kilauea. In September 2021, when it last erupted, lava continued to flow from the volcano for 16 months.

Both Kilauea and the nearby Mauna Loa volcano, which has also been erupting, were spewing hot molten rock for almost two weeks starting in late November before both volcanoes abruptly ceased at around the same time.

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The US Geological Survey upped the Kilaeua alert level earlier on Thursday as a result of indications that magma was flowing beneath the top surface, a sign that the volcano would erupt.

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The U.S. Geological Survey's webcam captured this image of Hawaii's Kilauea volcano on Thursday.
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In the Halemaumau crater of the Kilauea volcano in Hawaii, a swelling lava lake can be observed on Thursday.
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On Thursday, the Kilauea volcano was erupting, and Halemaumau crater was witness to a swelling lava lake.
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The Kilauea volcano in Hawaii has reportedly started erupting once more, according to the USGS.
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Kilauea volcanic eruption on Hawaii's Big Island resumes, raising alert level
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In the Halemaumau crater of the Kilauea volcano in Hawaii, a swelling lava lake can be observed on Thursday.
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In the Halemaumau crater of the Kilauea volcano in Hawaii, a swelling lava lake can be observed on Thursday.

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